Questions and Answers on Gītā (07/02/12)
Dear I_____ Dāsa,
Your questions are very nice.
1] Kṛṣṇa gave help to the Pāṇḍavas because they were His great devotees. Kṛṣṇa always gives help to His devotees.
2] Kṛṣṇa allows a battle to happen in a family only because half the family were not devotees of Kṛṣṇa. They were envious of the Pāṇḍavas and tried to steal the Kingdom of the Pāṇḍavas. So a battle was necessary. They were devotees but they were kings, and kings settle disagreements on the battlefield. That was the way things were done in ancient times.
3] The battle was externally for land and power, but the real meaning was for Kṛṣṇa to speak the Bhagavad-gītā to all the kings and to show that Kṛṣṇa always protects His pure devotees. Because it was such an important battle, then all the great kings of the world had come to Kurukṣetra. Then Kṛṣṇa spoke the Gītā so everyone would get spiritual benefit. It is also said that all those who died in the battle were liberated from the material world of birth and death because Kṛṣṇa was present on the battlefield. When Kṛṣṇa is present, then everything is auspicious (good).
4] The jñānī, or impersonalist, says that God or Kṛṣṇa is not a real person. The impersonalist says that they are also God and that ultimately God and the self/soul are only pure light. The impersonalist is called a Māyāvādī because he says that māyā is stronger than God and has captured God and put God into the illusion of being in the material world. But the main thing is that a Māyāvādī claims that he is God and that all living beings are also God. The devotees of Kṛṣṇa reject this Māyāvādī philosophy.
5] There are four main paramparā systems in India that stretch back to the beginning of the world. But Kṛṣṇa says that if any paramparā is destroyed then He incarnates and re-establishes the paramparā and the divine knowledge and the principles of religion. Our paramparā is called the Brahma Madhva Gauḍīya Paramparā.
I hope you are well and happy in Mexico. I always look forward to your emails.
Su Padre Espiritual,